If you are living in south sudan, you may want to watch television for entertainment. But you should know that watching television is a lot different from watching it in the U.S. Especially if you have limited access to electricity. Fortunately, there are some good streaming websites that you can watch TV through. Read on to learn more about how to watch television in South Sudan.
The economy of South Sudan is in a precarious situation. For years it has been mired in a vicious conflict which has pushed the country into a downward spiral. Meanwhile, the nation's largest resource, oil, has been depleted and is not expected to be in full supply for another five years. As a result, the government has sought to diversify its economy away from oil and toward agriculture. But as long as the war is in place, all resources will be devoted to the conflict, leaving little room for economic growth.
Among the drivers of the crisis are a lack of foreign exchange, a large deficit in the balance of payments and high inflation. The key to stabilizing the economy is to focus on enhancing the public's ability to transact business and improve the infrastructure of its lagging economy.
The government has implemented a variety of measures to tackle the issue. Some have included a 21-day full lockdown, border restrictions, social distancing and travel bans. It is also trying to expand the Family Support Programme, a social safety net scheme that aims to give cash payments to 80 per cent of the population.
Although a lack of economic activity is the main driver of the crisis, there are still plenty of people suffering. In fact, nearly a quarter of the country's citizens are food insecure. To mitigate the effects of the crisis, the government has launched the Family Support Programme, an initiative which is getting significant donor support.
South Sudan faces a serious currency crisis. Almost two years after the country's independence, its currency has fallen more than 90% against the U.S. dollar. This is causing prices to spike.
Inflation is one of the main concerns for South Sudan, and the government is struggling to control it. A recent Internews survey found that less than 29 percent of the country's population had access to electricity. Only 2% of roads are paved, and potable water is scarce.
The IMF is working with the government to cut down on its debt. But its credibility has been tarnished by the failure to implement a peace deal. And there are allegations of corruption and banditry in the government.
One of the main sources of the inflation is the depreciation of the South Sudanese pound against other currencies. Last month, the price of locally produced petrol went up by more than double.
As a result of the depreciation of the currency, the government has run huge budget deficits. It has been unable to pay its civil servants on time. Besides, unpaid civil servants encourage looting, and banditry.
The deteriorating economy has also pushed inflation rates to new heights. An average consumer price index (CPI) based on the country's average basket of goods and services measures the cost of living in South Sudan.
More than four in 10 people in South Sudan live on less than two dollars a day. Most of the country's residents, especially those in the rural areas, depend on agriculture for their livelihood.
Energy is an important factor in the development of nations. It plays a major role in health care, lighting, and education. The main challenge for the power sector is a lack of quality infrastructure. As a result, many people are left in the dark. This is a high-impact opportunity for foreign direct investment.
One of the most important energy policies for South Sudan is to make use of renewable sources. For example, switching to solar power could reduce the cost of electricity by forty percent.
However, the power sector in South Sudan faces serious challenges. Firstly, it is very hard to get a reliable supply of mains electricity. Many people experience frequent load-shedding or voltage brownouts.
Other difficulties include a lack of fuel and technical difficulties. Most of the country's mains electricity is supplied by the Southern Sudan Electricity Corporation.
To improve power distribution, the utility is working to upgrade its power interconnections. For example, a 400kV power transmission line from Karuma in Uganda to Juba is in the works. Another project in Juba involves upgrading existing power lines to connect the city with neighbouring countries.
The power sector is undergoing a major transformation in South Sudan. New projects are underway, including a new 100MW plant in Juba. While the project is not yet complete, it is an example of the type of investment that will be needed to achieve long-term electricity security.
Although a study by the International Telecommunications Union found that only about 8 percent of South Sudanese own a television, a recent survey by the Internews Foundation found that less than one third had access to electricity. This despite the fact that South Sudan was one of the first nations to have electricity on the grid. The aforementioned study also found that the country's telecommunications infrastructure has been skewed towards commercial enterprises versus consumer use. So, you'll be hard pressed to find a telephony box in your local coffee shop or pub, much less at home. And this is even the case for the many telecommunications services that exist within the country's borders.
Despite the best efforts of its government officials, the country's telecommunications infrastructure is still in shambles. For a country of fewer than a million people, it's little wonder that the latest numbers on the number of television sets in the country are eerily similar to those in the same country in 2010. Among the nation's telecommunications service providers, only the South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation has survived the test of time.
A recent event in the Sudanese capital of Juba has sparked debate across the continent. During an official event, Salva Kiir urinated on himself. Some people said this was an indication that he was not fit to rule the roost, while others said the video sparked a debate about whether the President was fit to lead the country. Others said the gesture was not only a sign of ill intent, but of a lack of foresight.
The South Sudanese government has taken no measures to protect free speech. Security forces have been known to harass journalists and engage in arbitrary detentions. As well, journalists are known to shy away from tackling controversial subjects. In fact, some are known to produce a lot of the same stories ad nauseum.
In the last few years, the South Sudanese government has taken no measure to protect freedom of expression. Despite the enumerated rights and freedoms of citizens, journalists have been known to shy away from tackling controversial subjects. This may be a symptom of the media monopoly, which has been rife in the country since the onset of civil war in 2011. There is a risk that the authorities will take the same aforementioned stance towards the media, which in turn will stifle any hope of a semblance of freedom of expression.
One of the best ways to protect journalists from arbitrary arrests is to have a public body regulating the media. However, this has not been the case and there are multiple cases of harassment abound.
South Sudan Television is no longer the source of balanced news and accurate information. Instead, the station is becoming a place where adverts are sold. The government has no patience for critics. In fact, several journalists have been killed since 2013.
During the first months of independence, journalists were not allowed to work in the media. A United Nations-backed initiative aims to create a free and safe environment for journalists. However, the government clampdown has become an attempt to feed rumours, instead of reporting what is true.
In August 2017, a massive fuel shortage caused production to be suspended for a number of days. No petrol meant no generators. SSTV reporters began drafting their reports and taking pictures. But the stories were largely missing from the archives.
After South Sudan gained its independence, its sovereignty was a matter of debate. Some African countries feared a precedent would be set by southern independence. Others were concerned about its potential to become a military target. And there are disputes over oil revenues.
Despite its independence, the country remains underdeveloped. It has one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates. The population is over 11 million, and the economy is heavily dependent on agriculture. One third of the population is displaced.
The National Security Service (NSS) confiscated copies of Juba Monitor, South Sudan's first newspaper. But the paper has a history of lurching between tales of civil war and peace agreements.